Explore the following discussions on women’s and men’s experiences of work, church, and ministry:

Historically women were expected to operate within the domain of the home, maintaining the daily operations of family life, including housework, child care, elder care, and food preparation. Men were allowed more freedom to maintain a presence in the public sphere where their voices shaped the strategic direction of institutions like government, science, church, and education. Though both areas are important, jobs traditionally performed by women are still valued differently, remaining unpaid or underpaid.

Researchers consistently find fields traditionally occupied by women are paid lower than fields traditionally populated by men. Even when jobs require similar education, responsibility, and skills, there remain well-documented gender discrepancies in median earnings.1 

Similarly, while women have made great strides toward equality in church, they and their work are still valued differently. Inequality between women and men persists and much more can be done.

The median earnings of
information technology
managers (mostly
men) are 27 % higher
than human resources
managers (mostly women),
according to the US Bureau
of Labor Statistics data. At
the other end of the wage
spectrum, janitors (usually
men) earn 22 % more than
maids and housecleaners
(usually women).2


1 “Highlights of Women’s Earnings in 2021.” U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics, March 2023, accessed January 22, 2024, https://www.bls.gov/opub/reports/womens-earnings/2021/home.htm.

2 “As Women Take Over a Male-Dominated Field, the Pay Drops.” Claire Cain Miller, The New York Times, March 19, 2016, https://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/20/upshot/as-women-take-over-a-male-dominated-field-the-pay-drops.html.

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