Women of the Bible | CBE International

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Women of the Bible

Soon afterwards [Jesus] went on through cities and villages, proclaiming and bringing the good news of the kingdom of God. The twelve were with him, as well as some women who had been cured of evil spirits and infirmities: Mary, called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out, and Joanna, the wife of Herod’s steward Chuza, and Susanna, and many others, who provided for them out of their resources (Luke 8:1-3, NRSV). One of the arguments that complementarians make for women staying at home is that it is God's plan for men to work and financially support the family. As long as I've been on the other side of the argument, pointing out that women have always worked and supported their families monetarily, it was only last week when it hit me what these verses were sayi... Read more
The year 1994 witnessed the debut of a little family film known as The Swan Princess, one of several attempts by non-Disney enterprises to grab a slice of Disney's highly successful fairy tale princesses franchise. My parents, who bought just about every movie that came out on video, quickly added it to our VHS collection once it had finished its theatrical run, and upon viewing it I found it to be a mediocre offering. Not an instant classic like other animated films, but certainly not hateable in its badness. One scene from the movie did stick in my mind though. You'll have to familiarize yourself with the film's plot if you want more details, but in the beginning, Prince Derek makes an awkward and sudden proposal to Princess Odette based solely on her good looks. “... Read more
Paul's letters reveal a man deeply invested in relationships with both men and women. He recognizes, respects and honors women who labor for the Lord, not as subordinates, but as partners and equals. This is evident, for example, in how Paul greets women colleagues in ministry at the end of Romans. Paul commends "our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon (diakonon) of the church of Cenchrea" (Rom. 16:1). Phoebe's leadership role is evident in Paul's request, "receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of the saints, and give her support in whatever matters she may have need from you, for she has been a leader (prostatis)[1] of many and of myself as well" (16:2). Every meaning of every word in the New Testament related to the word describing Phoebe as a "leader... Read more
Those supporting gender egalitarianism in marriage have rightly highlighted biblical passages which focus on the parity between husband and wife, such as 1 Cor. 7:3-4. Although the New Testament has several sections on marriage in general (see 1 Cor. 7:1-40; Eph. 5:21-33; Col. 3:18-19; 1 Pet. 3:1-7), we have hardly any historical couples who live out their marriages on its pages. The few who often come to mind are Elizabeth and Zechariah (Luke 1:5-25, 39-45) and Priscilla and Aquila (Acts 18:1-4, 18, 26; 1 Cor. 16:19; Rom. 16:3; 2 Tim. 4:19). One pair which gets little attention is Ananias and Sapphira, the couple who deceives the church and thus lies to the Holy Spirit, as explained by Peter (Acts 5:1-11). The details in this story about the interaction between the husband and wife highli... Read more
“When Jesus rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had driven seven demons. She went and told those who had been with him and who were mourning and weeping. When they heard that Jesus was alive and that she had seen him, they did not believe it. Afterward Jesus appeared in a different form to two of them while they were walking in the country. These returned and reported it to the rest; but they did not believe them either. Later Jesus appeared to the Eleven as they were eating; he rebuked them for their lack of faith and their stubborn refusal to believe those who had seen him after he had risen.” Mark 16:1-14 (TNIV) When I read this recently in my devotional time, I was struck by something I hadn’t noticed be... Read more
Although there may have been many female prophets in Old Testament times, five receive specific mention. Two of these, the prophetess who bears the son named Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz (Is. 8:3) and the prophetess Noadiah who is associated with opponents of Nehemiah (Neh. 6:14), receive brief mention and do not perform the tradition roles of prophecy. The remaining woman prophets, Miriam, Deborah, and Huldah, proclaim God’s Word at critical times in the history of the Old Testament people of God. Miriam, the sister of Moses and Aaron, serves as a worship leader for all the people of Israel (Ex. 15:20) by praising God for his salvation from the mighty Egyptian army. Her opening words are virtually identical to those beginning the great Song of the Sea (vv. 1-19), and so may suggest that... Read more
Titus 2:3-10 3 Likewise, teach the older women to be reverent in the way they live, not to be slanderers or addicted to much wine, but to teach what is good. 4 Then they can urge the younger women to love their husbands and children, 5 to be self-controlled and pure, to be busy at home, to be kind, and to be subject to their husbands, so that no one will malign the word of God. 6 Similarly, encourage the young men to be self-controlled. 7 In everything set them an example by doing what is good. In your teaching show integrity, seriousness 8 and soundness of speech that cannot be condemned, so that those who oppose you may be ashamed because they have nothing bad to say about us. 9 Teach slaves to be subject to thei... Read more
 “I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church at Cenchreae, so that you may welcome her in the Lord as is fitting for the saints, and help her in whatever she may require from you, for she has been a benefactor of many and of myself as well” (Rom. 16:1-2 NRSV). In last week’s Arise, we argued that because the apostle Paul commended the work of Phoebe—a deacon (Rom. 16:1-2)—the tradition of female deacons continued throughout the early centuries, as noted both by the archaeological evidence and also in Christian literature preserved from this period. For example, Clement of Alexandria (150-215 AD), Origen (185-242 AD), John Chrysostom (347- 407 AD) and Egeria—a fifth century pilgrim—refer to female deacons without reserva... Read more
“The Lord gives the command; The women who proclaim the good tidings are a great host” (Ps. 68:11, NASB). As you may know, the question of whether women can serve as deacons has been recently debated among many evangelicals. Since Scripture makes clear that Phoebe served as a deacon in the church in Cenchrea, there is an abundance of historical and archeological evidence that women deacons were upheld by the apostles. Both Clement of Alexandria and John Chrysostom recognize Phoebe was a deacon. This should give us pause! Why? Because the early church not only had the Scriptures to guide them, they were also familiar with the oral teachings of the apostles. Since apostles, like Paul, supported the service of the deacon Phoebe, women’s service as deacons continued throug... Read more
“Again, truly I tell you that if two of you on earth agree about anything you ask for, it will be done for you by my Father in heaven. For where two or three come together in my name, there am I with them” (Matt. 18:19, TNIV). Recently I heard someone say that while they support women in leadership, ultimately all final authority should be male. They went on to say that though women may exercise their God-given gifts in new spheres of service such as teaching adults, as deacons, or even as a pastor, Scripture teaches that men should exercise ultimate authority in a church, marriage, denomination, or Christian institution. This perspective is commonly held by “soft complementarians” who are willing to grant new opportunities of service to women. While we are grate... Read more